As a white belt in BJJ, you are just beginning your journey. You will encounter hundreds of techniques as you progress over the years. It is essential to master the basics that will serve as building blocks to more advanced techniques you will be learning later on.
Learning how to pass the guard is one of the most important concepts you’ll learn in your Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu journey. It allows you to avoid or free yourself from your opponent’s guard in order to move into a position where you can control him or her. Any BJJ student knows that the longer you stay in someone’s guard, the more likely he or she will be able to attack or sweep you.
Want to know which guard passes you need to master at white belt? Today, Evolve Daily shares The Guard Passes Every White Belt Should Know:
1) Passing the full guard
The full guard or closed guard is the first guard you’ll learn when you start BJJ. When you pull closed guard, you’ll notice that it feels quite secure. This means that it is difficult for your opponent to pass. If you’re passing the full guard, you will need good posture. Having good posture makes it easier to break the guard and move in to your pass of choice.
In this video, BJJ National Champion Gamal Hassan shows us 5 ways to pass the full guard. Note Gamal’s posture as he passes the guard, as well as how he keeps his arms close to his body at all times. This prevents Gamal’s opponent from securing a submission, which is one of his two main goals in this position.
Tip: Try to keep your balance as you stand up and break the guard. Your opponent will try to submit or sweep you, so don’t forget to keep your base at all times!
2) Passing the half guard
The half guard, developed by BJJ legend Roberto “Gordo” Correa, requires the attacker to control his opponent with only one of his or her legs. If you like sweeping your opponents, the half guard is the best option for you!
Good half guard players know that they should never have their backs flat on the mat. They know that this is a position where they need to be dynamic to prevent their opponent from flattening them.
In this video, BJJ National Champion Gamal Hassan shows several variations of how to pass the half guard. Notice how Gamal flattens out his opponent and controls his head. This ensures that his opponent is unable to attack, allowing him to improve his position by moving to side control.
Tip: When you get into side mount, establish good head and arm control by pushing your opponent’s head with your head. Make sure he’s always looking away from you as you control his head.
3) Passing the spider guard
5 Essential Ways To Pass The Spider Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu5 Essential Ways To Pass The Spider Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu!
Posted by Evolve MMA on Thursday, April 7, 2016
The spider guard is one of the first forms of open guard you’ll learn in your BJJ classes. It is a great introduction to the complex techniques you’ll come across when you start learning more techniques from the open guard. This guard requires good grips, length strength and flexibility. It is one of the toughest guards to break because it gives the guard player good control over his opponent.
In this video, BJJ World Champion Bruno Pucci shows 5 different ways to break the spider guard. As he breaks the guard, notice how he removes his opponent’s feet off his biceps first before he transitions to his next move. Removing your opponent’s feet from your biceps breaks his main form of control, making it easier for you to pass the guard.
Tip: Use the momentum of your hips thrusting forward to break your opponent’s grips. Relying on your arms alone might be difficult, especially if your opponent is stronger than you.
4) Torreando pass
The torreando pass is one of the simplest and most effective ways to pass the open guard. BJJ World Champions Leandro Lo and Andre Galvao are known for their devastating torreando passes, using it to smash their opponent’s open guard and move to a better position. This pass requires a lot of agility, endurance, and coordination.
To work on your torreando pass, you will need to perform specific drills that require you to grip your partner’s pants and move from side to side. These drills will not only strengthen your grips but also make your torreando pass more effortless. The more you drill the torreando, the easier it will be to use it in your next spar.
Tip: For a deadly torreando pass, work on your explosive strength! To execute the torreando pass, it is easier if you catch your opponent off-guard by using short bursts of energy as you switch from one side to the other.
So tell us, which of these passes will you use first?
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