If you have ever spent time in a boxing gym, you would have heard many times that defense is just as important as offense. Some may argue that, just like in all sports, defense wins championships. It is then extremely critical, in the ring, that you learn to protect yourself by employing a good defense.
Keep your hands up, you are always told by every boxing coach alive. Keeping your hands up protects you from getting countered, keeps you ready to block any incoming punches, and gives you relative safety from getting hit clean.
However, more often than not, many beginners or even experienced boxers tend to forget this very basic skill. A lot of boxers focus too much on offense and forget to cover up. As a result, they get tagged with sharp counters and are often left wide open.
Building a habit of keeping the hands up on defense is important to your success. Embedding this into your muscle memory is an essential part of your defensive repertoire. Let’s take a look at a few things you should be considering when playing on the defensive, especially in keeping your hands up.
Today, Evolve Daily shares five tips on how to keep your hands up in boxing and maintain great defense.
1) Be mentally aware
Perhaps the most important thing about defense is to be in a constant state of mental awareness. If you’re laser-focused and self-aware on defense, you can rely on your reflexes and depend on your defensive skills more to keep you protected. Mental awareness is a prerequisite to employing a good defense and keeping your hands up.
One way to be mentally aware is to keep a clear head. You can practice this by spending time honing your breathing techniques, performing yoga exercises, or even through meditation. Boxing is as much a mental game as it is a physical one, so it’s important that you exercise your mind as much as your body.
By being defensive-minded in the ring, you reduce the risk of leaving yourself vulnerable to your opponent’s offense. It’s worth taking note, however, that it is counterintuitive to suggest being overly-defensive. A good balance between offense and defense should be the target.
“Protect yourself at all times,” is what they often say in boxing and getting this right is the first step to a good, sound defense.
2) Practice recoiling after offense
Like every good basketball player, you must always get right back on defense after unloading your offense. In boxing, this is done by recoiling your punching hand back in position in your glove guard as soon as you are done punching.
After unleashing a power punch, there is a split second where you are vulnerable to a counter. Recoiling your hand instantly to get back on defense is very important. The faster you can retract your punching hand back into position, the better your defense will be when your opponent retaliates.
— Evolve MMA (@EvolveMMA) June 27, 2019
A snapping punch effect is something you can practice and could prove to be very useful. The idea is to throw your punches with speed and power, but add a snap to the end of each punch and use that momentum to get back on defense. These types of punches aren’t as powerful as when you punch through the target, but they are powerful enough and provide a great defensive bonus as well.
3) Maintain a line of sight, even through the glove guard
Maintaining a line of sight through the glove guard is very important. Oftentimes, beginners make the mistake of keeping the glove guard too high, or impairing their vision. This leaves them open to getting countered and gives their opponents a pathway to land clean shots. Whether that’s right through the center, splitting the glove guard, or around the sides.
By maintaining a line of sight, you can focus on what your opponent is doing without compromising your defense. Furthermore, you can better anticipate what your opponent is going to throw next. A line of sight is so important on defense.
At the same time, it is your goal on offense to break the line of sight and attack your opponent from angles. This leaves them vulnerable to getting hit by a power punch they will never see coming.
4) Use your forearms and elbows
Make use of all your tools. The gloves and hands are essential tools on defense, but so are your forearms and elbows. The great defensive fighters know how to utilize every tool they have in their defensive repertoire.
For example, Ghanian champion Joshua Clottey makes perfect use of his forearms and elbows and is one of the toughest men to hit in the history of the sport.
— Evolve MMA (@EvolveMMA) March 11, 2019
At the same time, welterweight legend Floyd Mayweather Jr. was a master in using his broad and bulky shoulders in his Philly Shell defense. Using the insanely popular shoulder roll, Mayweather could parry and pick off his opponents’ shots without ever using his hands and instead using every inch of his upper torso. It’s what made him such a defensive genius.
Strive to use your body like the best defensive boxers in history. Diversify your defensive techniques just as much as your offense. Most importantly, keep your hands up!
5) Block and parry
Last but certainly not least, don’t forget the basic defensive techniques such as blocking and parrying.
As much as having good reflexes is important, blocking punches should still be your number one priority on defense. It’s the first defensive maneuver you learn and master and should be a common tool well-utilized in your overall skill set.
In addition, and a little more advanced than plain blocking is the ability to parry. Parrying is so important because it sets up counter opportunities for you. When you successfully parry an opponent’s shot, he is left vulnerable for as much as a whole second — which is just enough of a small window of opportunity for you to capitalize.
Learn how to parry properly, and you’ll be surprised at the number of openings you can create which will lead to devastating power shots.
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